Jennifer has charted change in dialect use across the generations in this community. She has recorded three generations of speakers in order to compare and contrast dialect use across time – what’s changing and what’s not. You can read more about the main findings in the articles below:


Smith, J. (2005) The sociolinguistics of contemporary Scots: evidence from one dialect.
In: Kirk, J.M. and Ó Baoill, D. (eds.) Legislation, Literature and Sociolinguistics: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Cló Ollscoil na Banríona, Belfast, UK, pp. 112-125

Download here: Smith, (2005) Sociolinguistics of contemporary Scots


Smith, J. (2004) Accounting for vernacular features in a Scottish dialect: relic, innovation, analogy and drift.
In: Kay, C., Horobin, S. and Smith, J.J. (eds.) New Perspectives on English Historical Linguistics: Selected Papers from 12 ICEHL, Glasgow, 21-26 August 2002. Series: Amsterdam studies in the theory and history of linguistic science, 1 . John Benjamins, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 177-193

Download here: Smith, (2004) Accounting for vernacular features


Smith, J. (2001) You Ø na hear o’ that kind o’ things”: Negative do in Buckie Scots. English World Wide, 21 (2). pp. 231-259.

Download here: Smith, (2000) Negative do in Buckie Scots